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sql下三種批量插入數據的方法

sql下三種批量插入數據的方法,本文將介紹三種批量插入數據的方法,需要的朋友可以參考下
關鍵字:插入數據

本文將介紹三種批量插入數據的方法。第一種方法是使用循環語句逐個將數據項插入到數據庫中;第二種方法使用的是SqlBulkCopy,使您可以用其他源的數據有效批量加載 SQL Server 表;第三種使用的方法是sql server中的表值參數方法,表值參數是 SQL Server 2008 中的新參數類型。表值參數是使用用戶定義的表類型來聲明的。使用表值參數,可以不必創建臨時表或許多參數,即可向 Transact-SQL 語句或例程(如存儲過程或函數)發送多行數據。

      代碼示例:

      此例子為控制臺輸出程序,有兩個類,一個為BulkData類,主要實現了表值參數和sqlbulkcopy是如何插入數據的,一個類為Repository,一個app.config配置文件。所用數據庫為sql server 2012。

       建庫語句:

復制代碼 代碼如下:

打開
--Create DataBase
use master
go
if exists(select * from master.sys.sysdatabases where name=N'BulkDB')
drop database BulkDB
create database BulkDB;
go


--Create Table
use BulkDB
go

if exists(select * from sys.objects where object_id=OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[BulkTable]') and type in(N'U'))
drop table [dbo].BulkTable
Create table BulkTable(
Id int primary key,
UserName nvarchar(32),
Pwd varchar(16))
go


--Create Table Valued
use BulkDB
go

if exists
(
select * from sys.types st
join sys.schemas ss
on st.schema_id=ss.schema_id
where st.name=N'[BulkType]' and ss.name=N'dbo'
)
drop type [dbo].[BulkType]
go

create type [dbo].[BulkType] as table
  (
   Id int,
   UserName nvarchar(32),
   Pwd varchar(16)
   )
go

select * from dbo.BulkTable

BulkData.cs

復制代碼 代碼如下:

打開
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Configuration;

namespace BulkData
{
    class BulkData
    {
        public static void TableValuedToDB(DataTable dt)
        {
            SqlConnection sqlConn = new SqlConnection(
              ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnStr"].ConnectionString);
            const string TSqlStatement =
             "insert into BulkTable (Id,UserName,Pwd)" +
             " SELECT nc.Id, nc.UserName,nc.Pwd" +
             " FROM @NewBulkTestTvp AS nc";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(TSqlStatement, sqlConn);
            SqlParameter catParam = cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@NewBulkTestTvp", dt);

            catParam.SqlDbType = SqlDbType.Structured;

            catParam.TypeName = "dbo.BulkType";
            try
            {
                sqlConn.Open();
                if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count != 0)
                {
                    cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
            }
            finally
            {
                sqlConn.Close();
            }
        }

        public static DataTable GetTable()
        {
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();

            dt.Columns.AddRange(new DataColumn[]{new DataColumn("Id",typeof(int)),new DataColumn("UserName",typeof(string)),new DataColumn("Pwd",typeof(string))});

            return dt;
        }

        public static void BulkToDB(DataTable dt)
        {
            SqlConnection sqlConn = new SqlConnection(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnStr"].ConnectionString);
            SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy(sqlConn);
            bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "BulkTable";
            bulkCopy.BatchSize = dt.Rows.Count;

            try
            {
                sqlConn.Open();
                if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count != 0)
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(dt);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
            }
            finally
            {
                sqlConn.Close();
                if (bulkCopy != null)
                    bulkCopy.Close();
            }
        }
    }
}

Repository.cs

復制代碼 代碼如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Diagnostics;

namespace BulkData
{
    public class Repository
    {
        public static void UseSqlBulkCopyClass()
        {
            Stopwatch sw = new Stopwatch();
            for (int outLayer = 0; outLayer < 10; outLayer++)
            {
                DataTable dt = BulkData.GetTable();
                for (int count = outLayer * 100000; count < (outLayer + 1) * 100000; count++)
                {
                    DataRow r = dt.NewRow();
                    r[0] = count;
                    r[1] = string.Format("User-{0}", count * outLayer);
                    r[2] = string.Format("Password-{0}", count * outLayer);
                    dt.Rows.Add(r);
                }
                sw.Start();
                BulkData.BulkToDB(dt);
                sw.Stop();
                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{1} hundred thousand data elapsed Time is {0} Milliseconds", sw.ElapsedMilliseconds, outLayer + 1));
            }

            Console.ReadLine();
        }

        public static void UseTableValue()
        {
            Stopwatch sw = new Stopwatch();

            for (int outLayer = 0; outLayer < 10; outLayer++)
            {
                DataTable dt = BulkData.GetTable();

                for (int count = outLayer * 100000; count < (outLayer + 1) * 100000; count++)
                {
                    DataRow dataRow = dt.NewRow();
                    dataRow[0] = count;
                    dataRow[1] = string.Format("User-{0}", count * outLayer);
                    dataRow[2] = string.Format("Password-{0}", count * outLayer);
                    dt.Rows.Add(dataRow);
                }

                sw.Start();
                BulkData.TableValuedToDB(dt);
                sw.Stop();

                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{1} hundred thousand data elapsed Time is {0} Milliseconds", sw.ElapsedMilliseconds, outLayer + 1));
            }

            Console.ReadLine();
        }

        public static void UserNormalInsert()
        {
            Stopwatch sw = new Stopwatch();

            SqlConnection sqlConn = new SqlConnection(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnStr"].ConnectionString);

            SqlCommand sqlComm = new SqlCommand();
            sqlComm.CommandText = string.Format("insert into BulkTable(Id,UserName,Pwd)values(@p0,@p1,@p2)");
            sqlComm.Parameters.Add("@p0", SqlDbType.Int);
            sqlComm.Parameters.Add("@p1", SqlDbType.NVarChar);
            sqlComm.Parameters.Add("@p2", SqlDbType.VarChar);
            sqlComm.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
            sqlComm.Connection = sqlConn;
            sqlConn.Open();

            try
            {
                for (int outLayer = 0; outLayer < 10; outLayer++)
                {
                    for (int count = outLayer * 100000; count < (outLayer + 1) * 100000; count++)
                    {

                        sqlComm.Parameters["@p0"].Value = count;
                        sqlComm.Parameters["@p1"].Value = string.Format("User-{0}", count * outLayer);
                        sqlComm.Parameters["@p2"].Value = string.Format("Password-{0}", count * outLayer);
                        sw.Start();
                        sqlComm.ExecuteNonQuery();
                        sw.Stop();
                    }

                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{1} hundred thousand data elapsed Time is {0} Milliseconds", sw.ElapsedMilliseconds, outLayer + 1));
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
            }
            finally
            {
                sqlConn.Close();
            }

            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

App.config

復制代碼 代碼如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="ConnStr"
      connectionString="data source=.;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=BulkDB"
      providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />
  </connectionStrings>
</configuration>

 Program.cs

復制代碼 代碼如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Diagnostics;

namespace BulkData
{
    class Program
    {           
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //Repository.UseSqlBulkCopyClass();
            Repository.UseTableValue();
            //Repository.UserNormalInsert();
        }       
    }
}



三種方法分別插入100萬條數據所用的時間為:

       循環語句所用時間:

      

        sqlbulkcopy方法所用時間為:

       

         表值參數所用時間為:

        

我不會告訴你有一種sql語法可以這么寫:

復制代碼 代碼如下:

insert into SystemSet_tbl (ss_guid,ss_type,ss_comment) values ('00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000007',1,''),('00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000008',1,'')

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